Supported housing scrutiny – Blackpool – outputs

1. In 2020 Blackpool embarked upon a scrutiny review of the provision of exempt accommodation in its area and also made a successful bid to participate in the Government’s pilot scheme.1 Blackpool Council, Supported Housing [last accessed: 3 March 2022]

2. It has now produced a final report together with:2 Blackpool Council, Supported Housing Scrutiny Review Final Report [last accessed: 3 March 2022]

  1. a market position statement
  2. a process outline for new providers
  3. standards and charter rights; and
  4. a quality standards self-assessment kit for providers.
     

3. The  sufficiency and market position statement identifies current and probable future need across numerous client groups.3 Blackpool Council, Market Position Statement – Supported Housing [last accessed: 3 March 2022]

4. Providers of new schemes are expected to follow a 7-phased process but this would require legislative change to make binding.4 Blackpool Council, Supported Housing New Phased Scheme Opening Process [last accessed: 3 March 2022]

5. A Quality Standard self-assessment toolkit for accommodation providers and landlords has been made available. It is to reflect the standards expected of providers of supported housing in Blackpool. It covers three quality areas:5Blackpool Council, Supported Housing – Quality Standards Toolkit [last accessed: 3 March 2022]

  1. accommodation,
  2. tenant support; and
  3. organisation and staff.

Notes   [ + ]

The Registered Provider-Managing Agent business model

1. Prospect Supported Housing decided it had to close. Having investigated the matter, the board published its findings in a report dated October 2021. The report is entitled “Safe Successful Sustainable: A shared vision for better homes, support and opportunities. An evidence-based account from a housing provider that chose to close”. The authors reflect on Prospect’s role as a regulated provider of leased-based supported housing in Birmingham, funded through exempt housing benefit. 1Safe Successful Sustainable: A shared vision for better homes, support and opportunities, Prospect,
October 2021

2.  Prospect’s report illustrates a common model of supported accommodation provision involving Registered Providers (RPs) and their Managing Agents. Since then a relevant court judgement has been published illustrating the details of this model.2Midland Living CIC v Prospect Housing Ltd [2021] EWHC 2622 (Comm)

Prospect’s key asks

3.  Learning from its past experience, Prospect’s key asks include that:3Safe Successful Sustainable: A shared vision for better homes, support and opportunities, Prospect, October 2021, page 41 

  1. the “role of Managing Agents” should “be well-defined with clear governance” structures; and 
  2. “the potential in the model for exploitation and criminality” be acknowledged.

Notes   [ + ]

HB exempt accommodation – a misunderstood term?

“The support worker … was a good guy, I would say that, personally, but when it comes to the job of a support worker, no. I think he was a bus driver before and one guy for thirty or forty people, so I didn’t see how he could do it anyway” 1Risk, Safety and Wellbeing in Shared ‘Exempt’ Accommodation in Birmingham, England | Thea Raisbeck | September 2018

1. Support provided in HB exempt accommodation may not match expectations. It is not uncommon for residents, families and friends to express dismay at the level of support on offer.

2. Qualifying landlords can meet the HB legal requirements for exempt accommodation by providing just more than minimal care, support or supervision.

3. But the HB legal definition, on the one hand, simply does not match the everyday meaning of “supported housing”, on the other. The ordinary assumption is that the individual’s support needs will be met in full.

4. DWP and other bodies confuse matters by referring to “supported exempt accommodation” (a phrase not found in the relevant HB law).

5. “Supported exempt accommodation” gives the wrong impression. The term implies that a resident in HB exempt accommodation is supported and is having their needs met. So there are often inappropriate referrals and disappointment on the part of residents and their families.

6. The mismatch occurs with the understandable expectations others have when they hear the words “support” and “accommodation”.

Notes   [ + ]

Projected units of supported housing by client group in Scotland, 2015-2030

Projected demand for units of supported housing by client groups in Scotland is set out below.

Projected units for older people

Projected demand for supported housing in Great Britain 2015 to 2030 commissioned by the Department of Health (DH), on behalf of the Department of Communities and Local Government (DCLG), from the Policy Research Unit in Economics of Health and Social Care Systems (at the University of York, LSE and University of Kent), PSSRU Discussion Paper DP2931 (Mar 2017) Table 4: Projected units of supported housing by client group in Scotland, 2015-2030 (Base case, in thousand units) page 6.

Projected units for people with a learning disability

Projected demand for supported housing in Great Britain 2015 to 2030 commissioned by the Department of Health (DH), on behalf of the Department of Communities and Local Government (DCLG), from the Policy Research Unit in Economics of Health and Social Care Systems (at the University of York, LSE and University of Kent), PSSRU Discussion Paper DP2931 (Mar 2017) Table 4: Projected units of supported housing by client group in Scotland, 2015-2030 (Base case, in thousand units) page 6.

Projected units for working-age people with a mental health problem, physically disabled, sensorily impaired or single homeless

Projected demand for supported housing in Great Britain 2015 to 2030 commissioned by the Department of Health (DH), on behalf of the Department of Communities and Local Government (DCLG), from the Policy Research Unit in Economics of Health and Social Care Systems (at the University of York, LSE and University of Kent), PSSRU Discussion Paper DP2931 (Mar 2017) Table 4: Projected units of supported housing by client group in Scotland, 2015-2030 (Base case, in thousand units) page 6.

Projected units for other working-age people

Projected demand for supported housing in Great Britain 2015 to 2030 commissioned by the Department of Health (DH), on behalf of the Department of Communities and Local Government (DCLG), from the Policy Research Unit in Economics of Health and Social Care Systems (at the University of York, LSE and University of Kent), PSSRU Discussion Paper DP2931 (Mar 2017) Table 4: Projected units of supported housing by client group in Scotland, 2015-2030 (Base case, in thousand units) page 6.

 

Projected units of supported housing by client group in Wales, 2015-2030

Projections for units of supported housing by client groups in Wales are set out below.

Projected units for older people

Projected demand for supported housing in Great Britain 2015 to 2030 commissioned by the Department of Health (DH), on behalf of the Department of Communities and Local Government (DCLG), from the Policy Research Unit in Economics of Health and Social Care Systems (at the University of York, LSE and University of Kent), PSSRU Discussion Paper DP2931 (Mar 2017) Table 3: Projected units of supported housing by client group in Wales, 2015-2030 (Base case, in thousand units) page 6.

Projected units for people with a learning disability

Projected demand for supported housing in Great Britain 2015 to 2030 commissioned by the Department of Health (DH), on behalf of the Department of Communities and Local Government (DCLG), from the Policy Research Unit in Economics of Health and Social Care Systems (at the University of York, LSE and University of Kent), PSSRU Discussion Paper DP2931 (Mar 2017) Table 3: Projected units of supported housing by client group in Wales, 2015-2030 (Base case, in thousand units) page 6.

Projected units for working-age people with a mental health problem, physically disabled, sensorily impaired or single homeless

Projected demand for supported housing in Great Britain 2015 to 2030 commissioned by the Department of Health (DH), on behalf of the Department of Communities and Local Government (DCLG), from the Policy Research Unit in Economics of Health and Social Care Systems (at the University of York, LSE and University of Kent), PSSRU Discussion Paper DP2931 (Mar 2017) Table 3: Projected units of supported housing by client group in Wales, 2015-2030 (Base case, in thousand units) page 6.

Projected units for other working-age people

Projected demand for supported housing in Great Britain 2015 to 2030 commissioned by the Department of Health (DH), on behalf of the Department of Communities and Local Government (DCLG), from the Policy Research Unit in Economics of Health and Social Care Systems (at the University of York, LSE and University of Kent), PSSRU Discussion Paper DP2931 (Mar 2017) Table 3: Projected units of supported housing by client group in Wales, 2015-2030 (Base case, in thousand units) page 6.

Projected units of supported housing by client group in England, 2015-2030

Research commissioned by DCLG and the Department of Health  identified a need for an increase of:

  1. 35% in the number of supported housing units for older people in Great Britain (from 460,000 units in 2015 to 625,000 units in 2030);1Wittenberg R and Hu B (March 2017) Projected Demand For Supported Housing In Great Britain 2015 to 2030 London School of Economics, page 2
  2. 16% in the number of supported housing units for younger adults (from 190,000 in 2015 to 220,000 in 2030).2Wittenberg R and Hu B (March 2017) Projected Demand For Supported Housing In Great Britain 2015 to 2030 London School of Economics, page 2

Projections for units of supported housing by client groups in England are set out below.

Projected units for older people

Projected demand for supported housing in Great Britain 2015 to 2030 commissioned by the Department of Health (DH), on behalf of the Department of Communities and Local Government (DCLG), from the Policy Research Unit in Economics of Health and Social Care Systems (at the University of York, LSE and University of Kent), PSSRU Discussion Paper DP2931 (Mar 2017) Table 2: Projected units of supported housing by client group in England, 2015-2030 (Base case, in thousand units) page 6.

Projected units for people with a learning disability

Projected demand for supported housing in Great Britain 2015 to 2030 commissioned by the Department of Health (DH), on behalf of the Department of Communities and Local Government (DCLG), from the Policy Research Unit in Economics of Health and Social Care Systems (at the University of York, LSE and University of Kent), PSSRU Discussion Paper DP2931 (Mar 2017) Table 2: Projected units of supported housing by client group in England, 2015-2030 (Base case, in thousand units) page 6.

Projected units for working-age people with a mental health problem, physically disabled, sensorily impaired or single homeless

Projected demand for supported housing in Great Britain 2015 to 2030 commissioned by the Department of Health (DH), on behalf of the Department of Communities and Local Government (DCLG), from the Policy Research Unit in Economics of Health and Social Care Systems (at the University of York, LSE and University of Kent), PSSRU Discussion Paper DP2931 (Mar 2017) Table 2: Projected units of supported housing by client group in England, 2015-2030 (Base case, in thousand units) page 6.

Projected units for other working-age people

Projected demand for supported housing in Great Britain 2015 to 2030 commissioned by the Department of Health (DH), on behalf of the Department of Communities and Local Government (DCLG), from the Policy Research Unit in Economics of Health and Social Care Systems (at the University of York, LSE and University of Kent), PSSRU Discussion Paper DP2931 (Mar 2017) Table 2: Projected units of supported housing by client group in England, 2015-2030 (Base case, in thousand units) page 6.

 

Notes   [ + ]

Non-HB additional annual spend on supported housing by client group & country (estimated)

wdt_ID Client group England (£ million) Scotland (£ million) Wales (£ million)
Client group

Fieldwork dates: 19 October – 2 December 2015
Source: Supported accommodation review - The scale, scope and cost of the supported housing sectorA report of research carried out by Ipsos MORI, Imogen Blood & Associates and Housing & Support Partnership on behalf of the DWP and the DCLG (Nov 2016) - Table 3.14 Estimated amount of additional spend on supported housing beyond Housing Benefit per annum by client group on page 64.

This Table suggests that across GB an estimated £2.05bn each year is spent on support and care costs in supported housing in addition to that covered by Housing Benefit.